[Photo: Material test]

Material modeling and characterization

The Finite Element Method (FEM) is an established tool in the development process of vehicle structures and components.

Simulations with implicit time integration allow, for example, the analysis of the stiffness and normal modes of vehicle bodies as well as different approaches to structural optimization, while explicit time integration is used for the evaluation of short-term dynamic load cases, such as crash situations.

The basis of every FEM-supported structural design process are validated modelling methods for depicting the materials and joining processes used.

Here fka offers the entire chain for the generation of validated material cards and joining technology models. The selection of the suitable simulation and modelling approach depends on the load or application. Based on the analysis of the boundary conditions of the system to be simulated, suitable material models, element types and interface models are selected.

Therefore, it is necessary to specify the model's properties, eg.:

  • Metals
    • Elastic or elasto-plastic behavior
    • Anisotropy
    • Triaxiality
  • Synthetic materials
    • Elastic or elasto-plastic behavior
    • Visco-elastic behavior (foamed materials)
    • Material failure
  • Fibre-reinforced materials
    • Orthotropy
    • Failure modes (tension, compression, shear, delamination)
    • Structure resolution (crushing)
    • Post-cracking behavior
  • Joining technology
    • Shear and tensile failure
    • Mixed load and interaction
    • Heat influence und thermal joining processes

The characterization of the materials or joints is carried out using a suitable test program, which is usually based on the relevant standards and guidelines, e.g. tests on coupon samples.

For the validation of the models, more complex tests, e.g. on generic components or profiles, are carried out, which can be carried out both quasistatically on the servo-hydraulic testbench and highly dynamically on the drop tower test rig.

fka offers the generation of material maps for a number of common FE solvers (e.g. LS-DYNA, Pam-Crash, Radioss, Nastran, Abaqus).

[Foto: Material-Test]

[Foto: Material-Test-Simulation]

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Your contact

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Teamleiter Simulation Passive Sicherheit
Dipl.-Ing. Lutz Berger

Manager Simulation Passive Safety
Dipl.-Ing. Lutz Berger

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Telefon: +49 241 8861 128

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Phone: +49 241 8861 128

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Teamleiter Leichtbauweisen und -werkstoffe
Dr.-Ing. Ralf Matheis

Manager Lightweight Design and Materials
Dr.-Ing. Ralf Matheis

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Telefon: +49 241 8861 121

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Phone: +49 241 8861 121

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